DANCE STEPS ~ General Reference Guide

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Unique to Maui, Rita is a Trained & Qualified Latin & Ballroom Dance Professional – Instructor – Competitor; National Dance Council of America ~ Professional N.D.C.A. Member license #5546

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To read more about Rita & her teaching, CLICK ON “Kind Words & Testimonials.”

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REINFORCE what you’re learning at the upcoming Academy’s Dance Classes with Private Image’s SEMI-PRIVATE or PRIVATE DANCE CLASSES!!! 

A single PRIVATE LESSON can pinpoint areas needed to get the class steps quicker, improve your technique and make your dancing MORE FUN! Read the “Kind Words & Testimonials” to see how other students at all levels benefited from PRIVATE LESSONS!

Practice Does NOT Make Perfect, PERFECT PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT! Any questions on what I’ve taught? ***Feel free to email me your specific concerns and I’m happy to help you achieve “Perfect Practice!”

DANCE CLASSES listed ALPHABETICALLY ~ Beginner, Level 1 and/or Level 2 Steps (partial)

ARGENTINE TANGO – Beginner Open-Embrace – All “Slow” counts (initiate with Weight Changes before moving into steps to establish partnership):  Forward Ochos (“Figure 8s”) Leaders begin leading Lady to Walks & Cross; as the Lady “crosses” Man collects R ft to L but does NOT change weight – leads Lady to “turn L-ward”; R ft side leading Lady into Fwd Ocho; L ft side leading Lady into Fwd Ocho; R ft side leading Lady into Fwd Ocho; L ft side leading Lady into Fwd Ocho then squaring lady up to face Man as he changes weight (Lady does not). L ft is available for new step.                          Followers: Man will lead you from Walks to Cross; as you “Cross” and change weight Man will rotate you to “turn L-ward”…WAIT! As he steps to the side you will extend with your R leg, change the weight to the R ft, then swivel your hips only (staying parallel to the Man) and your L ft is available. Repeat this pattern to the R side with your L ft and again, two more times. The Man will lead you to a R-ward Fwd Ocho on your L ft and “square” you up to him (without rotation into a Fwd Ocho). Then he will begin a new step (your R ft will be available).

Beginner Open-Embrace ARGENTINE TANGO – To encourage more creativity in your Argentine Tango and improve your leading  & following skills, students were encouraged to make the “Cross” action step (in the Walks to Cross) dancing S-S-Q-Q. The “quick” timing was also introduced in the Rock Step: Q-Q-S-S whereby the fwd/back action emphasized the “Quicks”; the Rock Step can also be turned L with the man walking FORWARD into the lady’s space THEN shaping a L turn through their upper body.

Beginner Open-Embrace ARGENTINE TANGO – Closed Box – (“cross” by lady/leader closes feet with weight  change) then Leader takes L ft fwd; R ft side; close L ft to R ft (changing weight); Leader then steps back on R ft; side on L ft; then forward outside partner to go into Cross.                        (Follower) Natural Opposite.                               Open Box – (“cross” by lady/leader closes feet with weight  change) then Leader takes L ft fwd; R ft side; leading lady to outside partner position L ft steps back; R ft; side on L ft; then forward outside partner to go into Cross.                        (Follower) Natural Opposite.

Beginner Open-Embrace ARGENTINE TANGO – Cortado- (can be preceeded with “cross” by lady/leader closes feet with weight change) then Leader “rocks” L ft fwd; R ft replace; L ft back in outside partner position leadng lady R side; Leader then steps side on R ft (weight change); replace L ft rotating to L; then close leading lady to Cross (with weight change).                        (Follower) Natural Opposite to end in Cross.

Beginner Open-Embrace ARGENTINE TANGO – Reviewed Fwd Ocho technique, 3 rock steps (slow rock; quick rock; cortado) and polished all steps.

Beginner Open-Embrace ARGENTINE TANGO – Walking Grapevine (Leaders):  Walks (L) to Outside Partner on R (continuing to turn Rward and moving LOD); side L, back R, side L, fwd R, fwd L, close R to L (leading Lady to “Cross”).  Leader choses how many “grapevines” to dance; leader can chose rhythm of all slows, all quicks, or a combination thereof.              Followers: Natural Opposite ending with Cross.

Beginner Level 2 ARGENTINE TANGO: Review & Refine Cortado (see Q1 notes below). Back Ochos Leaders: L Fwd-R Fwd-L Fwd/R Close (“Silent” weight change so that lady does not change her weight) rotating chest to left leading lady to swivel on standing leg; L Diagonal Fwd, then rotate chest to right leading lady to swivel on standing leg; R Diagonal Fwd, then rotate chest to left (repeat Back Ochos twice); L Fwd; R Fwd/Outside Partner; lead lady to cross – leader no weight change while lady crosses.       Followers: R Back-L Back-R Back (man will lead you to rotate leftward while on your R ft); L back diagonal (man will lead you to swivel to right – back ocho); R back diagonal (swivel repeating Back Ochos twice); L Back; R Back; L ft Crosses (change weight).

Beginner Level 2 ARGENTINE TANGO: Review & Refine Back Ochos. Learned technique for Right-turning Molinette S-S-Q-Q (Leaders/Followers): R Fwd 1/2 turn; L Side 1/4 turn; R Back no turn; L Side no turn (equal size steps).

Beginner Level 2 ARGENTINE TANGO: Right-turning Molinette (from walks-to-cross)  Leaders: Fwd Walk – Outside Partner Fwd Walk – Fwd Walk – Cross R ft behind L ft keep weight on Fwd L ft (lead lady to cross, then Fwd turning right); keeping weight on the

first S-S of the lady’s molinette continue rotating rightward; as lady begins Q-Q in molinette transfer your weight to R ft releasing the L ft bringing it alongside the standing R leg; with no additional weight changes, lead lady to fwd ocho on your right side, then a fwd ocho in front of you.                         Followers: Back -Back – Back – “Cross” – Leader will indicate a leftward swivel, then invite you to walk forward turning right into a moinette with the timing of S-S-Q-Q with R Fwd 1/2 turn – L Side 1/4 turn – R Back no turn – L Side no turn (equal size steps to move evenly around the man); Fwd ocho (R ft); Fwd ocho (L ft).

Calesita “merry-go-round” (from side step)  Leaders: Side L (with body lift to indicate to the lady not to change weight) – Keeping lady on-balance and an equal distance circular walk, step side R with slight leftward body turn as you walk back as many times as needed to end facing LOD ending with weight on L ft; lower body weight to release lady from holding “up” on 1 ft; step outside partner R, continuing walk to cross.                       Followers: Side R (leader will create body lift to indicate you are not to change weight; lady can lift to ball-of-foot/toe weight) – Staying on-balance on the R ft, the man will walk an equal distance circular backward walk to end facing LOD; leader will lower body weight as follower will now be prepared to step with her L ft back into Walk-to-Cross (or another move of his choice).

Planeo “Plank” (from Walk-to-Cross)  Leaders: Fwd L into Walk-to-Cross with Leader not changing weight (“tap”) on last count keeping weight on L ft (with body lift keeping lady in the “cross” on her L ft – lift will indicate to the lady not to change weight) – Keeping lady on-balance and an equal distance circular walk, step side R with slight leftward body turn as you walk back as many times as needed to end facing LOD ending with weight on R ft; lower body weight to release lady from holding “up” on 1 ft; continuing to a step of your choice.                       Followers: Fwd R into Walk-to-Cross (leader will create body lift to indicate you are not to change weight after you’ve done the “cross;” lady can lift to ball-of-foot/toe weight) – Staying on-balance on the L ft, the man will walk an equal distance circular backward walk to end facing LOD; leader will lower body weight as follower will now be prepared to step with her R ft back into another move of his choice (suggested: Fwd Ochos).

Beginner Level 2 ARGENTINE TANGO: Molinette to the Left from Back Ochos: Leaders dance lady to Back Ochos (on any even number Ocho – Ocho to the right for the man); with a rotational lead to the left, step L ft Fwd with weight change leading Lady to dance “back-side-fwd” of a left-turning Molinette (Q-Q-S); then dance a Left Rock Turn (Q-Q-S-S; Fwd-Back Rock [turning leftward]-Side-Side ending LOD).                 Followers: Back Ocho to left turning Molinette: L ft Back-R ft Side-L ft Fwd traveling around the leader and collecting feet at the end; Left Rock Turn (natural opposite of Leader).

not moving; Leaders side L creating the “triangle/tripod” and keeping lady on her R ft (she will not step with you) turning leftward; replace weight to L ft (keeping lady on R ft); lead Follower to “Cross.”                                   Followers: R ft Side (relaxing L leg); rotate through hips responding to man’s side step allowing your loose leg to move into the Boleo; Man will lead you to “Cross.” Boleo: Keep the knees together, swivel on the supporting leg with a whipping action of the non-dancing “relaxed” leg. This is a leadable step – Followers do not try to make it happen – it’s the Leader’s job!

Beginner Level 2 ARGENTINE TANGO: Boleo (“to throw”): Simpliest entry: Leaders Side L and keeping Follower on their R ft and

Beginner Open-Embrace ARGENTINE TANGO – All “Slow” counts (initiate with Weight Changes before moving into steps to establish partnership):  Walks to Cross – Leaders: Fwd L, Fwd (outside partner) R, Fwd L (slightly smaller step – leading lady to regular step), Close  R to L (change weight) – lady will “cross”                         Followers: Back R, Back L, Back R, allow L leg to naturally “cross” to right side of R ft in a parallel and tight position – change weight as man changes weight.

Beginner Open-Embrace ARGENTINE TANGO – All “Slow” counts (initiate with Weight Changes before moving into steps to establish partnership):  Rock Step – Leaders: Fwd L, Back R, Side L, Side R                          Followers: Natural Opposite – Back R, Fwd L, Side R, Side L.

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BEGINNER BACHATA LEVEL I: 4/4 timing throughout; 8 cts = one basic step pattern; an ever-growing popular club dance. Leaders begin with L ft, Followers with R ft with hip action.

Side Basic– Leaders: L ft side ct 1; R ft side closing to L ft ct 2; L ft side ct 3; R ft “touch”/”tap” marking ct 4. Repeat to the right side for cts. 5-8.                  Followers: Natural opposite.                    Fwd & Back Basic– Leaders: L ft fwd ct 1; R ft passing or closing to L ft ct 2; L ft fwd ct 3; R ft “touch”/”tap” marking ct 4. Repeat moving in reverse/”backwards” for cts. 5-8.                  Followers: Natural opposite.                4 ct Slow Basic– Leaders: without immediately changing weight L ft reaches to the left side ct 1 and weight is s-l-o-w-l-y transferred to L ft by ct 4. Repeat to the right side for cts. 5-8.                  Followers: Natural opposite.                  2 ct Slow Basic– Leaders: without immediately changing weight L ft reaches to the left side ct 1 and weight is transferred to L ft on ct 2. Repeat to the right side for cts. 3-4. Repeat pattern twice to complete 8 cts.                  Followers: Natural opposite.                  Open Break to Ladies R & L UAT– Leaders: Side Basic to the left; Side Basic to the right while releasing the ladies’ back and slowly lower your left hand (connected to her right) by ct. 8. As leader begins next Side Basic (starting to the left), raise the connected arm for lady to do UAT. As leader begins second half of side basic to the right, create a “window” leaving arm up for lady to dance a left/”inside” UAT. Leader can bring arm back to neutral/start frame position gently to resume a Side Basic.                  Followers: Side Basic to the right; Side Basic to the left as man releases your back and slowly lowers your right hand (connected to his left) while you move slightly away from the leader on a diagonal line (gradual). As leader begins to raise the connected arm to do UAT, step side to right w/half-turn on R ft; close L ft to R ft continuing to turn rightward; step side R facing the leader, now completing the right UAT. Leader begins second half of side basic to the left keeping the connected arm raised, creates a “window” for a left/”inside” UAT; dance side to left w/half-turn on L ft; close R ft to L ft continuing to turn leftward; step side L facing the leader, now completing the left Inside UAT. Leader can bring arm back to neutral/start frame position gently to resume a Side Basic.

Man’s Relay Turn– Leaders: Half Side Basic to Open Break to Ladies’ R UAT (see previous week for detailed step instructions); begin to lower connected L hand as Leader does R turn while passing the Ladies’ hand from his L to his R hand by the completion of his turn (ending with Hand Shake Hold “HSH” connection); lead Lady to R UAT – at completion of her turn, pass her hand from your R to L hand; lead Lady to L inside UAT to complete this pattern.                Followers: Half Side Basic to Open Break to Ladies’ R UAT (see previous week for detailed step instructions); man begins to lower connected L hand as Leader does R turn – Ladies do L side Basic while Leader passes the Ladies’ hand from his L to his R hand by the completion of his turn (ending with Hand Shake Hold “HSH” connection); Lady is lead to R UAT – at completion of her turn; L inside UAT to complete this pattern.

Hammerlock   – Leaders: Side Basic to the left; Side Basic to the right while releasing the ladies’ back and slowly lower your left hand (connected to her right) keeping your R arm “lifted” so that Lady “slides down” your arm into a 2HH by ct. 8. Beginning Basic (starting to the left), raise the L connected arm for lady to do UAT keeping the R hand connection relaxed so that the Lady can turn around to face you in the “Hammerlock” position. As leader begins second half of side basic to the right, create a “window” leaving arm up for lady to dance a left/”inside” UAT ending in (continued) 2HH. Leader can release R-to-L HH and bring arm back to neutral/start frame position gently to resume a Side Basic.                  Followers: Side Basic to the right; Side Basic to the left as man releases your back and slowly lowers your right hand (connected to his left) while you move slightly away from the leader on a diagonal line (gradual) and slide your L arm down his R arm into a 2HH by ct. 8.  As leader begins to raise the connected R arm to do UAT, step side to right w/half-turn on R ft; close L ft to R ft continuing to turn rightward; step side R facing the leader, now completing the right UAT in a “Hammerlock” position, but parallel to the Leader. Leader begins second half of side basic to the left keeping the connected arm raised, creates a “window” for a left/”inside” UAT; dance side to left w/half-turn on L ft; close R ft to L ft continuing to turn leftward; step side L facing the leader, now completing the left Inside UAT. Leader can bring arm back to neutral/start frame position gently to resume a Side Basic.

Dip: Leaders – Half Side Basic and instead of “tap”/hip action on ct. 4, lower through L leg remaining vertical and slightly (10-15 degrees) rotate to the L (in that order) to lead lady into a soft dip; resume with secondhalf of Side Basic to the right.                       Followers – Half Side Basic; as Leader starts to lower while you’re on your R leg, lower with him and as he rotates his body stay parallell to him as you lift your L leg & look over your L shoulder (being careful not to throw yourself backwards).

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BEGINNER CHA-CHA (starting with side step on ct 1): 1 2 3 4-&-5 (syncopated half-counts) 6 7 8-&-1 (1-2-3-cha-cha-cha-6-7-cha-cha-cha)

Side Basic: Leaders Side-Back-Replace-Side-Together-Side-Fwd-Replace-Side-Together-Side                                Followers: Natural Opposite

In-Place Basic: Leaders Side-back-Replace-Close R to L-Replace-Fwd-back-Replace-Close L to R-Replace                              Followers: Natural Opposite.

Fwd-Back Basic: Leaders Side-back-Replace-Fwd-Fwd-Fwd-Fwd-Replace-Back-Back-Back-Back-Replace                            Followers: Natural Opposite

Outside Partner (Parallel Partner): Leaders Side-Back-Replace-Side-Together-Side while slowly rotating 1/8 to Leaders R setting up outside partner position-Fwd-Replace-Side-Together-Side while slowlyroating 1/4 to L setting up frame for outside partner-Fwd -Replace…Leader repeats as often as desired on either side; to end the step the Leader stops rotating and remains square and parallel to his partner and leads either side of a basic fwd or back break (depending on which half of the step).                                        Followers: Natural Opposite

CrossOver (“XOver” also known as a “New Yorker”) to UnderArm Turn (UAT): Leaders Side-Back-Replace-Side-Together-Side while leading lady to open 1HH connection slowly rotating 1/4 to Leaders R -Fwd-Replace (returning to face your partner)-Side-Together-Side while slowly rotating 180 degrees to L switching hands in preparation for Xover-Fwd -Replace…Leader repeats as often as desired on either side; to end the step the Leader stops rotating and remains square and parallel to his partner and leads UAT (“Stop Sign” signal without pushing or “stirring” partner during the UAT) as he dances back-replace (waiting for the follower to finish a timely UAT), continuing with side-together-side to R.                                        Followers: Side-Fwd-Replace-Side-Together-Side ending in open 1HH connection slowly rotating 1/4 to L -Fwd-Replace (returning to face your partner)-Side-Together-Side while slowlyroating 180 degrees to R switching hands in preparation for Xover-Fwd -Replace…Leader repeats as often as desired on either side; to end the step the Leader stops rotating and remains square and parallel to his partner and leads UAT (“Stop Sign”) as lady dances UAT: Fwd/Turn-replace/Turn (dancing a timely UAT “2 o’clock”), continuing with side-together-side to L.

Fifth Position to UAT: Leaders Side-Back-Replace-Side-Together-Side while leading lady to closed promenade position slowly rotating 1/4 to Leaders L -Back-Replace (returning to face your partner)-Side-Together-Side while slowly rotating 180 degrees to R in preparation for Back Break (5th position)-Back -Replace…Leader repeats as often as desired on either side; to end the step the Leader stops rotating and remains square and parallel to his partner and gives a visual lead for UAT (“Stop Sign” signal without pushing or “stirring” partner during the UAT) as he dances back-replace (waiting for the follower to finish a timely UAT), continuing with side-together-side to R.                                        Followers: Side-Fwd-Replace-Side-Together-Side ending in closed promenade position slowly rotating 1/4 to R -Back-Replace (returning to face your partner)-Side-Together-Side while slowly rotating 180 degrees to L for 5th Position-Fwd -Replace…Leader repeats as often as desired on either side; to end the step the Leader stops rotating and remains square and parallel to his partner and gives a visual lead for UAT (“Stop Sign”) as lady dances UAT: Fwd/Turn-replace/Turn (dancing a timely UAT “2 o’clock”), continuing with side-together-side to L.

Cuddle: Leaders Side-Back-Replace-Side-Together-Side while lowering connected hand down then switching hands (Hand Shake Hold “HSH”) leading lady to an Open Break (partners are parallel, but apart) during the “Cha-Cha-Cha”- Leaders L Back-Replace (then staying inplace for the Cha-Cha-Cha)-leading the lady to leader’s R side- R foot will Back Break -Replace; staying inplace for Cha-Cha-Cha leads lady to L side of leader-L foot back break-Replace and repeat to the R side…Leader repeats as often as desired on either side; to end the step the Leader Back Breaks on R ft and leads lady on the “Replace” step to turn R and separate while the Leader dances a side Cha-Cha-Cha to the R ending in open parallel position to the lady switching hands back to standard L hand connection, then lead the lady to do a UAT (“Stop Sign” signal without pushing or “stirring” partner during the UAT) as he dances back-replace (waiting for the follower to finish a timely UAT), continuing with side-together-side to R.                                        Followers: Side-Fwd-Replace-Side-Together-Side while leaders switch hands (Hand Shake Hold “HSH”) leading lady to an Open Break (partners are parallel, but apart) during the “Cha-Cha-Cha” (followers move away from leader; leader does not move back during the Cha-Cha-Cha; R Back-Replace (then turning L for the Cha-Cha-Cha) do a fwd L turning basic to leader’s R side- L foot will Back Break -Replace; dance a L side Cha-Cha-Cha across the leaders position – R foot back break-Replace and repeat to the R side…Leader repeats as often as desired on either side; to end the Leader guides the lady after the back-break (on her L ft – while she’s on the right side) to turn R and separate while dancing a side Cha-Cha-Cha to the L ending in open parallel position to the leader; then the leader guides you to a UAT (“Stop Sign”) as lady dances UAT: Fwd/Turn-replace/Turn (dancing a timely UAT “2 o’clock”), continuing with side-together-side to L.

LEVEL 2 CHA-CHA (Questions? Email ritaoc@hawaii.rr.com or 344-4452) (first-time private or semi-private students get 10% OFF)

Fifth to CrossOver (Xover) w/UAT: Leaders Side-Back-Replace-Side-Together-Side while leading lady to closed promenade position slowly rotating 1/4 to Leaders L -Back-Replace (returning to face your partner)-Side-Together-Side while slowly rotating 180 degrees to R in preparation for Back Break (5th position)-Back -Replace…Leader repeats as often as desired on either side…then redirects the rotation into a Xover during the “cha-cha-cha” (facing their partner) section by not changing the hand hold and rotating to the “outside” of the partnership into a Xover; to end the step the Leader stops rotating and remains square and parallel to his partner and leads UAT (“Stop Sign” signal without pushing or “stirring” partner during the UAT) as he dances back-replace (waiting for the follower to finish a timely UAT), continuing with side-together-side to R. Proper connection between partners is paramount!                                        Followers: Side-Fwd-Replace-Side-Together-Side while being lead into closed promenade position slowly rotating 1/4 to R -Back-Replace (returning to face your partner)-Side-Together-Side while slowly rotating 180 degrees to L in preparation for Back Break (5th position)-Back -Replace…Leader will repeat as often as desired on either side; follower should not assume what is the direction of the break step, but wait until a signal is given…then reacts appropriately when the leader guides her into a Xover during the “cha-cha-cha” (facing their partner) section; to end the step the Leader stops rotating and remains square and parallel to his partner and leads UAT (“Stop Sign” signal without pushing or “stirring” partner during the UAT) as lady dances UAT: Fwd/Turn-replace/Turn (dancing a timely UAT “2 o’clock”), continuing with side-together-side to L.

CrossBody Lead (CBL): Leaders Side-Back-Replace-Side-Together-Side-Fwd (beginning lead for CBL in frame)-Replace commencing to turn leftward 90 degrees -Side-Together-Side-Back-Replace commencing to turn leftward 90 degrees/180 degrees from start position-Side-Together-Side-Fwd-Replace-Side-Together. Follower remains in Leaders R arm embrace throughout the patterns.                               Followers: Side-Fwd-Replace-Side-Together-Side-Back-Replace ever-so-slightly changing direction to right (as opposed to straight ahead) –Fwd-Fwd-Fwd (cha-cha-cha)-Fwd (pivot)-Replace (back)-Side-Together-Side-Back-Replace-Side-Together. Follower remains in Leaders R arm embrace throughout the patterns and does not “pass” the man during this step.

Shoulder Check: Leaders Open Break, then lead Follower to inside UAT (left turn) while you do an “in-place” cha-cha-cha turning to your R as you guide the lady into frame by first connecting with her forearm and softly sliding your hand along her upper arm to R should, then ending on her L shoulder as she is turning. Break Fwd (and across) in opposition of the follower’s movement on ct 2; replace L ft on ct 3 commencing to lead the lady out of the turn by lifting the connected arm as you dance a L turning cha-cha-cha in-place. The leader can chose to do as many of these “Shoulder Check” actions as desired. To end, the leader (after the Open Break) does a side cha-cha-cha and leads the follower to an UAT.                             Followers: Open Break, then partner will lead you to an inside (L) UAT – you will do a curving side basic ending in the man’s R arm (in frame) perpendicular to your partner; Back Bread on ct 3 (L ft); replace R ft on ct 3 as you are lead out of the turn; you will dance the second half of the step in reverse (side cha-cha-cha curving to the R to end facing partner). The leader can repeat this pattern as desired. End with UAT after a side cha-cha-cha.

Shoulder Catch: Leaders: Open Break to UAT; As lady begins UAT gently “catch” (with hand placed over her shoulder so that your palm “catches” her shoulder before she completes the turn) lady’s shoulder on ct 2 (leader: back break on R ft); immediately lead an inside (L) turn to your R as you dance a Side Basic (Cha-Cha-Cha) while she turns; continue with an Open Break to a Side Basic leading Solo Turns (each person does a free-turn after the appropriate lead) in a Xover-fashion, but adding a turn to end facing partner in open position; easiest to extend hand and suggest through visual lead returning to basic.                           Followers: Open Break to UAT commencing your UAT until the man gently prevents you from doing so on ct 2 (L ft); he will immediately lead an inside turn as you replace your R ft and begin L/Inside turn during the Side Basic (Cha-Cha-Cha) making sure to close feet on cts “4-and” to sync with the leader’s standard Side Basic; continue with Open Break to Solo Turns as lead by leader.

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BEGINNER FOXTROT LEVEL I (Smooth Dance with LOD flow): Standard Rhythm: S-S-Q-Q where there are two (2) beats of music for the “S” and one (1) beat of music for the “Q”: 1/2 – 3/4 – 5 – 6

Basic: Leaders starting LOD w/L ft: Fwd – Fwd – Side – Close                                Followers: Natural Opposite

Left Rock Turn: Leaders starting LOD w/L ft: Fwd – Back – Side – Close w/up to a ¼ left turn                                Followers: Natural Opposite

Promenade: Leaders starting W w/L ft: Fwd Promenade Position – Fwd Promenade Position – Side – Close                                Followers: Natural Opposite

Promenade with UAT: Leaders dance footwork to Promenade (above) adding the raising of their L hand connection while simultaneously releasing the lady’s back to indicate her UAT.             Followers:  Leader will indicate an UAT by raising your R hand connection so that you can do a slow turn during counts 1-4 (S-S; R ft-L ft) end facing your partner so that you can dance the ending side step in parallel.

Promenade “Dip:” Leaders dance steps 1 and 2 of Promenade where on step # 2 (ct 3 thru 4) the soften their knees to lower the dance partnership gradually, then while remaining in promenade position replace the weight to the L ft (behind) and close R ft to L while still remaining in promenade position. End with a full (standard) Promenade.                                 Followers: Natural Opposite

Right Turning Basic: (start DW) Dance the fwd Basic step commencing to lead the lady into a R 1/4 turn through your frame by the end of step 2 (ct 4) as you continue to turn R; complete the pattern with a side step & close (L, R respectively) ending ADC.                                  Followers: Natural Opposite.

Left Back Turning Basic: (start ADC, usually following Right Turning Basic) Dance the Basic step backwards with L ft back; R ft back commencing to lead the lady into a L 1/4 turn through your frame by the end of step 2 (ct 4) as you turn L; complete the pattern with a side step and close (L, R respectively) ending DW.                               Followers: Natural Opposite.

Reviewed previous week’s dance steps adding techinque, flow and “emotion!”

Box (start LOD; new rhythm: S-Q-Q; S-Q-Q) Leaders: Fwd – Side – Close (change weight); Back (R ft) – Side – Close (change weight).                          Followers: Natural Opposite.

Progressive Twinkle (start LOD; End LOD) Box Rhythm; Leaders: Fwd (turning 1/8 leftward) – Side – Close (slightly smaller side step to allow lady to end on your R side “outside partner”); DC Fwd R ft (turning 1/4 rightward) DO NOT step “inside” lady’s space…step to the right side of her- Side – Close (slightly smaller side step; lady will be on L side “outside partner”) end DW; Fwd (turning 1/4 leftward) DO NOT step “inside” lady’s space…step to the left side of her- Side Close end DC; repeat – Leader’s choice; Simple Ending: while facing DC, Fwd R ft (turn ONLY 1/8 rightward to face LOD) – Side – Close (equal size step to match partner and line up in closed position again).                                  Followers: Back (man will lead 1/8 turn) – side – close (ending “outside partner” to his R); Back (main will lead 1/4 turn) – side – close (ending “outside partner” to his L); leader will repeat as desired. Simple Ending: man will square up with you LOD after you go back on your R to side-close.  Don’t forget to read Rita’s “DanceOGraphy & Philosophy” link for INSIDER’S TIPS!  Terms & Abbreviations LINK will help with alignment notes.

FOXTROT LEVEL II BEGINNER

Grapevine (beginning with right turning basic – see Beginner Foxtrot Level I below) Leaders: DW dancing Right Turning Basic – end ADC; S-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-Q-S-Q-Q Back (S); All Q: Back-Side (turning to face DW)-Fwd outside partner-Side (turning to face ADC)-Back outside partner-Side (turning to face DW; Fwd outside partner (S) ending W-Side-Close (Q-Q) end W in closed position.                                      Followers: Natural Opposite

Left Twist Turn: Leaders: (W) Promenade L; Promenade R putting weight only to the heel of the R ft (keeping partial weight on the “ball” of the L ft previously danced; rotate to the L (during the next 2 cts: Q-Q; or you can count it as a “S” – 2 cts either way) ending with frame in closed position. Left Rock Turn is a common pattern to do afterwards.                                      Followers: (C) Promenade R; Promenade L; Fwd R with ball of foot walking around leader (to your L); fwd L with ball of foot continuing to walk around leader – ending with a L pivot turn. Left Rock Turn is a common pattern to do afterwards.

FOXTROT LEVEL II (Smooth Dance with flow): Standard Rhythm: S-S-Q-Q where there are two (2) beats of music for the “S” and one (1) beat of music for the “Q”: 1/2 – 3/4 – 5 – 6; alternate rhythm: S-Q-Q-S-Q-Q

Sway Step:  Leaders: SSQQ L Side step (optional: lifting of left rib cage to create sway shaping – NOT done through shoulders are arms, but originating in rib cage); R Side Step; Side – Close                 Followers: Natural Opposite

Tonight’s new step takes a while to learn the pattern and more even more difficult to learn the technique to execute a smooth pivot…be patient and keep practicing! Promenade Pivot: Leader’s: S-S-Q-Q rhythm throughout; Start facing W in closed position L ft fwd promenade down LOD; R ft fwd promenade dancing forward of the partner toward the right (on the ladies “LOD”/line) while leading the beginning of a right pivot – end ALOD in closed partnership position (but legs open front/back); L ft back and SLIGHTLY to the side (continuing ALOD) continuing to lead the right pivot- end LOD; R ft fwd LOD ending in promenade partnership position (making sure to continue to lead the right turning action (pivot) until the lady is in promenade position, too (leader should WAIT until follower in the proper promenade position before beginning the next “S” of the basic promenade, since lady is still coming around the pivot). Typically finished with a basic promenade. Followers: starting in closed position facing C, R ft fwd in promenade down LOD; L ft fwd in promenade down ending fwd facing LOD; R ft fwd LOD with heel lead stepping in-between man’s legs beginning to pivot right (keeping L foot back/behind the center of your body during the pivot action) – end ALOD; L ft back and slightly to the side, continuing to pivot R ending in promenade position. Man typically will lead a basic promenade after completion of the pivot.

(Two steps tonight: Sway with UAT & Promenade Pivot with UAT) Sway with UAT  Leaders: Dance basic Sway Step (above) leading the lady to do a spin on steps 3 & 4 (cts. 5 & 6) as you dance side close.                Followers: Basic Sway Step (above) with Leader raising your right arm at the end of the second “Slow” (ct 4) indicating for you to do a fast spin on cts. 5&6.  Promenade Pivot with UAT Leaders: Dance Promenade Pivot S-S-Q-Q adding 2 additional Promenade walks while leading lady to do a traveling turn; end with basic Promenade pattern as before.                                       Followers: Dance Promenade Pivot S-S-Q-Q; man will lead a UAT for an additional Q-Q; you will do a traveling spin turn. A basic promenade step is typically lead afterwards.

Progressive Twinkle (easiest from Box for rhythm change S-Q-Q_S-Q-Q): Leaders “prep step” Fwd L into half-box with 1/8 turn leftward as the Leader steps with smaller-than-usual side-close align DC with Follower in outside position (to Leader’s R); R Fwd turning rightward as Leader makes 1/4 turn, then smaller-than-usual side-close now facing DW with Follower in outside position (to Leader’s L); L fwd turning leftward making 1/4 turn, smaller-than-usual side-close facing DC with Follower in outside position (to Leader’s R); R Fwd turning rightward making 1/4 turn, smaller-than-usual side-close with Follower in outside position (to Leader’s LR);…after “prep step” Leader alternates R & L turns in even number increments, chosing to end this pattern when R ft is available; to end: step Fwd R facing LOD, continuing side step in LOD.                   Followers: Natural Opposite

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BEGINNER HUSTLE LEVEL I  

Club Dance: Rhythm: Syncopation: &-1-2-3 where there “&” beat indicates a half-beat and their is one (1) beat of music for the “Q”: half (“&”)-1-2–3

Hustle “practice” techniques: EXERCISE #1 and #2: Leaders starting with weight on R ft w/L ft pointed forward (no weight) – Close L ft to R (change weight) – Fwd (R) – Fwd (L) – Back (R) repeat continuously first with straight time (1-2-3-4) to learn weight changes and not lose balance falling “back” when taking back step; when mastered – practice with syncopated rhythm: “&-1-2-3” without hopping, without “back stepping” or “back rocking” and without “panic”!                                           Followers:  Starting with weight on L ft w/R ft pointed forward (no weight) – Close R ft to L (change weight) – Fwd (L) – Fwd (R) – Back (L) repeat continuously first with straight time (1-2-3-4) to learn weight changes and not lose balance falling “back” when taking back step; when mastered – practice with syncopated rhythm: “&-1-2-3” without hopping, without “back stepping” or “back rocking” and without “panic”!

EXERCISE #3 and #4: Leaders starting with weight on R ft w/L ft pointed forward (no weight) – Close L ft to R (change weight) – Fwd (R) – Fwd (L) with turn to RIGHT – Back (R) repeat continuously first with straight time (1-2-3-4) to learn weight changes and not lose balance falling “back” when taking back step; also try same pattern with turn on the third step to the LEFT.  When both turns are mastered – practice with syncopated rhythm: “&-1-2-3” without hopping, without “back stepping” or “back rocking” and without “panic”!                                           Followers:  Starting with weight on L ft w/R ft pointed forward (no weight) – Close R ft to L (change weight) – Fwd (L) – Fwd (R) with turn to RIGHT  – Back (L) repeat continuously first with straight time (1-2-3-4) to learn weight changes and not lose balance falling “back” when taking back step; also try same pattern with turn on the third step to the LEFT.  When both turns are mastered – practice with syncopated rhythm: “&-1-2-3” without hopping, without “back stepping” or “back rocking” and without “panic”!

CrossBody Lead: Leaders: weight on R ft, L leg firmly pointed to the side (hold cts “&-1”) – L ft fwd/slightly across on ct 2 commencing turn to left ending 180 degrees in opposite direction (later you can turn it more or less – leader’s choice) – Side R (ct 3) and repeat (holding on cts “&-1”).                                   Followers: Left turning “Change of Place.”

Ladies Inside/Left UAT: Leaders (while dancing right-turning basic): lead lady into inside/left UAT by raising left arm to right side as if “blocking the sun” with your forearm (which will be parallel to the floor – the “top” half of a “window”); for ease, “trace” lightly around ladies waist to ensure smooth control of the partnership.                                          Followers:  Same foot pattern as Basic “Change of Place” except the turn is left (instead of right). Reminder to keep elbow down when doing turn, creating the “bottom half” of a “window” or holding a tray slightly above your head. Turn is on count “2.”

Leader’s Inside/Left UAT: Leaders: Same foot pattern as Basic “Change of Place” except the turn is left (instead of right). To lead “self” bring R arm up and across to your left side, keeping elbow down when doing turn, creating the “bottom half” of a “window” or holding a tray slightly above your head. Turn is on count “2.”                                        Followers:  (while dancing right-turning basic): Leader will raise your left arm to right side as if “blocking the sun” with your forearm (which will be parallel to the floor – the “top” half of a “window”); for ease, “trace” lightly around man’s waist.

Introduced CrossBody Lead (New Basic). Leaders: weight on R ft, L leg firmly pointed to the side (hold cts “&-1”) – L ft fwd/slightly across on ct 2 commencing turn to left ending 180 degrees in opposite direction (later you can turn it more or less – leader’s choice) – Side R (ct 3) and repeat (holding on cts “&-1”).                                   Followers: Left turning “Change of Place.”

CrossBody Lead: Leaders: weight on R ft, L leg firmly pointed to the side (hold cts “&-1”) – L ft fwd/slightly across on ct 2 commencing turn to left ending 180 degrees in opposite direction (later you can turn it more or less – leader’s choice) – Side R (ct 3) and repeat (holding on cts “&-1”).                                   Followers: Left turning “Change of Place.”

Cuddle: Leaders: CBL to Throw-out 1 HSH (Hand-Shake-Hold); Bring Follower to R side while remaining in “side-point” position; Lead lady to L side maintain “side-point;” alternate from R to L as desired. For simple ending, with lady on R side using R hand connection draw the hand toward her R shoulder while releasing her L hand and she will travel out back onto her slot – Leader squares up with partner.

Cuddle with Walks: Leaders – while partner is on your left side you can walk forward remaining in shadow (cuddle) position and turn leftward 180 degrees by dancing the basic rhythm with the lady as you close L to R on ct. “and” – fwd R ft on ct. 1 – fwd L ft turning left on ct. 2 – back (now 180 degrees) on R ft on ct. 3. Lady will be on your right side. Repeat as desired “walking” with partner in shadow position whenever she’s on your left side. See “Cuddle” instruction above for simple exit to Throwout.                      Followers: when you are on the left side of the leader he may opt to have you walk forward (turning leftward) instead of from his side to side; continue your basic Hustle footwork dancing Close-Fwd-Fwd (turn)-Back.

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BEGINNER QUICKSTEP LEVEL I: 4/4 timing. International Standard dance (a “fast foxtrot”) typically danced in S-Q-Q rhythm and flowing in a lively fashion around the ballroom floor with a “pep,” and light, energetic action.

Quarter Turn with Progressive Chasse (“Basic”)  S-S-Q-Q-S/S-Q-Q/S-S-Q-Q. Leaders: DW – (Prep Step) L ft fwd; R ft fwd commencing turn to R dancing L-side progressive chasse moving sideways (L ft side; R ft closes to L; L ft side) while slowly turning rightward ending ADC; R ft back; commencing turn to L dancing L-side progressive chasse moving sideways (L ft side; R ft closes to L; L ft side) while slowly turning leftward ending DW.                                              Followers: Natural opposite.

Forward Lock Step  S-Q-Q-S/S-Q-Q-S. Leaders: DW – (usually following the Quarter Turn with Progressive Chasse – above) R ft fwd Heel-toe (S) commencing to lead outside partner position through “left shoulder lead” rotation; L ft fwd Toe in outside partner position (Q), R ft “locks” behind R ft Toe; L ft  Fwd to closed position Toe-Heel (class pattern will do two Fwd Locks).                                              Followers: Natural opposite:  (usually following the Quarter Turn with Progressive Chasse – above) L ft back (leaders will lead outside partner position -remain parallel to partner with your right shoulder rotated “back”; R ft back Toe in outside partner position (Q), L ft “locks” in front of R ft Toe; R ft Back to closed position Toe-Heel (class pattern will do two Fwd Locks).

Natural Turn to Hesitation S-Q-Q/S-S-S. Leaders: DW following the Fwd Lock Step: Fwd R commence turning R into a “Natural” (rightward) turn, Side L continuing Natural Turn ending ALOD, closing R ft to L. Back L ft continue turning R (collecting ft), Side R ft (slightly smaller to allow for woman to make the turn), “Draw” L ft to R (do not close or “stand up”, but stay low and “drag” the leg together, not necessarily the feet).                               Followers: Natural opposite (keep the frame throughout Quickstep)!

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BEGINNER RUMBA LEVEL I (Latin Dance): Rhythm: S-Q-Q-S-Q-Q where there are two (2) beats of music for the “S” and one (1) beat of music for the “Q”: 1/2 – 3 – 4; 5/6  – 7 – 8

Box (Basic): Leaders: Fwd-Side-Close (change weight); Back-Side-Close (there is no “tap” or collection of feet on steps 2 or 6).  Toe lead (or ball-flat) throughout.                                      Followers: Natural Opposite

Box w/Ladies U.A.T.: Leaders: Two consecutive box steps with UAT lead on ct 5/6 of the first box by raising hand just high enough for partner to walk under; follower will walk in circle to leader’s left returning back into the embrace.                                      Followers: Half box cts 1-4; L Fwd toward leader (he will raise your right hand to indicate a slow UAT walking forward and under) taking 6 steps in a circle to reach the leader, then joining him on the R side; L close (ready to start the box again.

Outside Partner (S-Q-Q throughout): Leaders: Half box cts 1-4; R side step (S) starting to make 1/8 turn with frame to right; L fwd outside partner (Q) – R replace (Q) – L side step (S) making turn to opposite diagonal corner to the left; R fwd outside partner (Q) – L replace (Q) – R side step (S) making turn to opposite left diagonal corner; L fwd outside partner (Q) – R replace (Q) – L side step (S) making turn to opposite left diagonal corner; R fwd outside partner (Q) – L replace (Q) – R BACK (S) beginning second half of original box – L side- R closes to L (ending on a slight diagonal from orignal start position.                             Followers: Natural Opposite.

Crossover (S-Q-Q throughout): Leaders: Half box cts 1-4; R side step (S) starting to lead an open position make 1/4 turn with frame to right leading lady in mirror position; L fwd  partner (Q) – R replace (Q) – L side step (S) making 1/4 left turn to opposite wall; R fwd (Q) – L replace (Q) – R side step (S) making turn to opposite wall; Leader repeats as desired finishing Crossover pattern with L fwd (Q) – R replace (Q) – L side step (S) making turn to face partner while raising left arm to lead UAT; R back (while lady turns – Q) – L replace (Q) – R CLOSES (S) – L side-(Q) – R closes to L (Q).                             Followers: Half box cts 1-4; L side step (S) starting to make 1/4 turn to left; R fwd   (Q) – L replace (Q) – R side step (S) making 1/4 right turn to opposite wall; L fwd (Q) – R replace (Q) – L side step (S) making turn to opposite wall; Leader repeats as desired finishing Crossover pattern with R fwd (Q) – L replace (Q) – R side step (S) to face partner while raising left arm indicating UAT; L fwd @ “2 o’clock” – turn (Q) – R fwd/replace – turn (Q) – L CLOSES (S) – R side-(Q) – L closes to R (Q).

Rocks (S-Q-Q throughout): Leaders: Precede with Box (Basic); Fwd L (S) – Fwd R (beginning fwd rock) -Replace L – Replace R (Q-Q-S) – Fwd L (beginning second fwd rock) – Replace R – Replace L (Q-Q-S) -R side (Q) – L closes to R (Q); Back R (S) – Back L (beginning back rock) – Replace R – Replace L (Q-Q-S) – Back R (beginning second back rock) – Replace L – Replace R (Q-Q-S) – L side-(Q) – R closes to L (Q).                             Followers: Natural opposite.

Crossover to Alternating UAT (see notes above for Crossover): after Leading the Follower to a R UAT (Leaders dancing side (S)-back (Q)-replace (Q) step to the R side on the S (instead of closing feet to end the step) and raise Leader’s R hand (visual lead) indicating for lady to step to her L; Leader dances his  UAT w/L ft @ “2 o’clock” 100% weight change, then turning R; replace R ft (bringing L to R ft) continuing to turn R end facing partner, but then stepping to the L side raising L arm (visual lead) to indicate the Follower’s UAT. Leader repeats as desired ending with Ladies R UAT “last” and closing his feet (and thereby her’s) after the desired “last turn” and then finishes the step and Rumba rhythm with side-close (Q-Q).                                      Followers: Crossover to UAT dancing Q-Q of your turn ending parallel to your partner to see if he will close ft (stay in place) or take a side step to your L (in this case, he will step to the side to indicate “more to come” and he will lead himself into an UAT where you will step back on your R ft-replace L (Q-Q) and he will lead you to the R side for your UAT; Leader choses desired number of alternating UAT ending with the Follower’s R turn when he closes his feet to signal the same for you; finish pattern with side-close (R-L) (Q-Q).

RUMBA LEVEL II (Latin Dance): Rhythm: S-Q-Q-S-Q-Q where there are two (2) beats of music for the “S” and one (1) beat of music for the “Q”: 1/2 – 3 – 4; 5/6  – 7 – 8

CrossBody Lead: Leaders dance 1/2 box (cts 1-4); while leading the lady into a CBL dance position as the leader commences to step directly back on cts 5-6 turning 1/4 to the left; continuing to turn leftward, leader dances L ft side  – R ft closing to L (without stopping the turning action of the partnership); leader steps L fwd (now 180 degrees directional change from where they started as woman pivots to close partnership in parallel position completing the action with R ft side – L ft closing to R; leader finishes with 1/2 box back.                              Followers: 1/2 box starting R ft back (cts 1 – 4); with lead to indicate change of partnership alignment,  lady turns body position 1/8 rightward, dancing L ft fwd toward man, then R ft fwd on the slight diagonal to the right, L ft fwd into leftward pivot to return to parallel facing dance hold; R ft back upon man’s lead – L ft side – R ft closing; L fwd finishing second 1/2 of box step.

Back Spot Turn: Leaders – Half-Box (S-Q-Q) to Open Break  (Q-Q); L ft Fwd turning right ending to side (“11”) – R ft behind L continue turning right – L ft side continue turning right (S-Q-Q); keeping Rumba rhythm R ft behind-L ft side – R ft behind; L ft side – R ft behind – L ft closes to R ft; dance Fifth Position Break to UAT.               Follower  – Half-Box (S-Q-Q) to Open Break (Q-Q); R ft fwd turning right in closed parallel position with Leader – L ft side continue turning right – R ft in front of L continue turning right – L ft side (Q-Q-S); keeping Rumba rhythm throughout R ft in front – L ft side – R ft in front; L ft side – R ft in front – L ft side (Leader will have stopped rotating, but you will complete the rotation); Man will lead Fifth Position and continue as desired.

Back Spot Turn with Ladies Inside UAT (“Oreo”): Leaders – Half-Box (S-Q-Q) to Open Break  (Q-Q); L ft Fwd turning right ending to side (“11”) – R ft behind L continue turning right – L ft side continue turning right (S-Q-Q); keeping Rumba rhythm R ft behind (Q) -L ft side (Q) – R ft behind (S); Begin to lead Inside UAT bringing L arm across to R side as you  lower R arm to lady’s waist for guidance; contine to dance Back Spot Turn: L ft side – R ft behind – L ft closes to R ft; dance Fifth Position Break to UAT.               Follower  – Half-Box (S-Q-Q) to Open Break (Q-Q); R ft fwd turning right in closed parallel position with Leader – L ft side continue turning right – R ft in front of L continue turning right – L ft side (Q-Q-S); keeping Rumba rhythm throughout commence (leftward) Inside UAT making sure to keep R elbow down: R ft in front (turning L)- L ft side – R ft in front; L ft side – R ft in front – L ft side (Leader will have stopped rotating, but you will complete the rotation); Man will lead Fifth Position and continue as desired.

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BEGINNER SALSA LEVEL I: 4/4 timing dancing 6 cts on beats 1, 2, 3 (no weight change on 4), 5, 6, 7 (no weight change on 8). Latin hip motion throughout. Feet in turn-out position (heels together).

Excellent Salsa Musicality CD – “Deep in the Salsa” by Stephen Tirpak (horn player of John Legend’s band). Stephen Tirpak & Rita O’Connor taught Salsa classes on Maui years ago and these CDs help students and musicians to understand and dance to salsa music better (excellent for all levels of students and a great gift idea)!

Basic – Leaders: L ft fwd ct 1; R ft replace/in-place ct 2; L ft closes to R ft ct 3; continued hip action ct 4 – no weight change. R ft back (do not drop the heel) ct 5; L ft replace/in-place ct 6; R ft closes to L ft ct 7; continued hip action ct 8 – no weight change.               Followers: Natural opposite.

Side Breaks – Leaders: L ft side ct 1; R ft replace/in-place ct 2; L ft closes to R ft ct 3; continued hip action ct 4 – no weight change. R ft side ct 5; L ft replace/in-place ct 6; R ft closes to L ft ct 7; continued hip action ct 8 – no weight change.                   Followers: Natural opposite.

Alternating Side Breaks – Leaders: (preceded by “Side Break”): L ft side ct 1; R ft replace/in-place ct 2; L ft closes to R ft ct 3; continued hip action ct 4 – no weight change. R ft side ct 5; L ft replace/in-place ct 6; R ft closes to L ft ct 7 without weight change (leaving the R ft available); “hold” ct 8 – no weight change. Repeat Side Breaks now starting from the R side (for the second time) while the Follower is moving in the opposite direction (remember to give arm length to your partner so she can move in the opposite direction); when the Leader desires to be back in sync with the Follower, he will do two R Side Breaks with no weight change at the end:  R ft side ct 5; L ft replace/in-place ct 6; R ft closes to L ft ct 7 without weight change (leaving the R ft available); “hold” ct 8 – no weight change on the first one and then with weight change  on the second one.                  Followers: Continue standard Side Breaks (without any changes).

Open Break to Ladies Underarm Turn (U.A.T.) – (usually preceded by a basic) Leaders: starting on ct 7/8 of the basic release the lady’s back connection and start to lower your L hand connection. Continuing to lower your hand, step back on your L ft, replace R ft ct 2 as you start to raise your L hand, and as you close L ft to R on ct 3/4 complete raising your hand to indicate a UAT for the lady on the upcoming step (do NOT turn her, just raise the arm up); back break on R ft on ct 5 allowing the lady to turn, replace close R ft to L as you lower the ladies’ hand back to neutral position allowing her to complete the turn; close R ft to L on cts 7 & 8.                    Followers: (usually prceded by a basic): leader will lower hand on or about cts. 7/8 from the previous step as he releases your back.  R ft back (ct 1), replace L ft, close R ft to L (his arm will be raised to indicate that your next step will be a UAT; ensure that your R arm is at a 90 degree angle at elbow, and no higher); UAT: L ft fwd at “2 o’clock” with half-turn to right (ct 5); R ft fwd replacing weight with approx. 1/4 turn/spin to face partner on ct 6; L ft closes to R ft on cts 7/8.

Man’s Relay Turn (outside/right) – Leaders: preceeded by ladies UAT (right) remaining in open position, lower connected hand to repeat an Open Break, but on count 1 man steps L ft forward to commence his turn (2 o’clock) while “relay-ing” the lady’s hand from his left to right hand- R replace turning to face partner as he begins to raise his R arm to signal an UAT for the lady -close L ft to R; keeping arm raised to allow lady to do her UAT, leader steps R ft back-replace-close. Followers – Follow man’s lead to Open Break Ladies UAT (steps 1 – 6, cts 1 -8); begin another open break (R ft back-replace-close) as man does his turn (“relay-ing” your right hand to his right hand, then raising it to lead you into a UAT); continue to UAT (R UAT) on cts. 5-6-7/8.

Ladies “Double” Turn (inside/left) – Leaders: preceeded by ladies UAT (right) remaining in open position, lower connected hand to repeat an Open Break, but on count 3 man raises L arm to R side to lead lady to inside turn as he steps L ft back-replace-close with a quarter turn to the L; keeping arm raised to allow lady to continue turning, leader steps R ft back-replace-close with a quarter turn to the L, now ending 180 degrees from his starting position; repeat another open break to ladies’ R UAT. Followers – Follow man’s lead to Open Break UAT; another Open Break and on ct 3 man will lead you to begin a left/inside traveling turn that will pass him on his R side (back-replace-fwd beginning to turn leftward); continue turning leftward while traveling foward on cts 5 & 6 and step back on ct 7 (size appropriate for relation of leader and follower’s partnership; Man will lead another Open Break UAT (R UAT) immediately following

SALSA LEVEL II: 4/4 timing dancing 6 cts on beats 1, 2, 3 (no weight change on 4), 5, 6, 7 (no weight change on 8). Latin hip motion throughout. Feet in turn-out position (heels together).

CrossBody Lead (CBL) – Leaders: (entire step in closed position) – L fwd-R replace (begin turning 1/8 to left)-close L to R ft (completing 1/4 turn to left); small R back (continuing turning 1/8 to left)-L replace (complete the 1/4 turn to now face 180 degrees from your start position)-close R ft to L changing weight.              Followers:  R back-L replace-R forward (on a slight diagonal to the right making sure to stay to the man’s right side…do not take any big steps past him); L fwd pivoting to the left to face man while on the L ft – R back- close L to R ft.

Arm Catch – Leaders: prep HSH to 2 HH; (CBL footwork) Dbl head loop ending with Leader’s R arm “hooked” under the Follower’s L arm for “Arm Catch” (HSH); inside UAT to Shoulder Catch; Fwd or Side Break to Ladies UAT.                       Followers: Leader’s choice of prep; CBL w/UAT Fwd Break to UAT.

Walkaround Leaders: Open Break UAT with hand change (HSH) – Open Break UAT offering second hand as lady turns to end in 2HH L over R at the end of her turn as Leader guides his left hand to the right side of his head inviting the Follower to “walk around” his center while he keeps rhythm in-place (back-break); footwork: overturned CBL, while leading lady to continue to walkaround – end facing lady with R hand indicating UAT for next 3 cts – back break while lady does UAT (releasing 2nd hand – ending with HSH), then switching hand back to regular hold.                                Followers: Open Break UAT (man will change his hand) – Open Break UAT connecting with man’s L hand to end in a 2HH, but NOT closing your feet since he will lead you (through your R hand) to continue to walk forward “around him” for the 5-6-7/8 ending with the follower facing the man as he indicates UAT as next step – UAT (and man will switch hands back to standard hold).

Side-by-Side: Leaders:  1M CBL releasing ladies back while leading L arm down to your L side; 2M Back break w/NO turn allowing lady to end by leader’s L side (1 HH); Back Break (L ft)-Replace (R)-Fwd (L) beginning to turn toward partner; “point” (no weight change) ct 5- turn away to resume side-by-side position ct 6 without weight change – back ct 7 (R ft) (REPEAT back breaks to facing “point” 3 times); begin Back Break-Replace-Close sharply turning left to face lady leading her to UAT; back (R ft ct 5)-replace-close.                                    Followers: 1M first-half of CBL ; 2M Fwd (L)-Fwd/Pivot overturned-Close to end by leader’s L side (1 HH); Back Break (R ft)-Replace (L)-Fwd (R) beginning to turn toward partner; “tap” (no weight change) ct 5- turn away to resume side-by-side position ct 6 without weight change – back ct 7 (R ft) (REPEATED at Leader’s discretion); begin Back Break-Replace-Close turning immediately to face Leader; UAT to close.

INTERMEDIATE SALSA (first-time private or semi-private students get 10% OFF)

Hamerlock to Inside Turn. Leaders: Open Break allowing lady to slide her L arm down your R arm to end in a 2HH. Leading with just L arm (keeping R arm relaxed), lead UAT; when lady completes her turn she will be in a “hammerlock” with her L arm behind her (L hand on her R side)  and still connected to your L hand also. Leaders, do a forward break (like a basic), then lead her to an inside/left 1.5 turn while you stay on-spot changing your direction to the R until you are 180 degrees from where you started (remember to release your R hand from her “back” hand while she is dancing her 1.5 turns; easiest ending: another open break (1HH) to simple UAT.             Followers: Keeping your L arm connection to the man’s R arm, he will lead an open break – you will slide your L arm down his R arm to arrive in a 2HH; Leader will indicate an UAT (keep both hands connected – do not “hold onto” the leader’s hand). Back break (as Leaders moves with you in his forward break), then Leader will invite you to do an inside UAT to your L – this 1.5 turn travels to the other side of the partnership; ends with standard open break UAT.

Walkaround. Leaders: Open Break UAT with hand change (HSH) – Open Break UAT offering second hand as lady turns to end in 2HH L over R at the end of her turn as Leader guides his left hand to the rigiht side of his head inviting the Follower to “walk around” his center while he keeps rhythm in-place, end facing lady with R hand indicating UAT for next 3 cts – back break while lady does UAT (releasing 2nd hand – ending with HSH), then switching hand back to regular hold.                         Followers: Open Break UAT (man will change his hand) – Open Break UAT connecting with man’s L hand to end in a 2HH, but NOT closing your feet since he will lead you (through your R hand) to continue to walk forward “around him” for the the 5-6-7/8 ending with the follower facing the man as he indicates UAT as next step – UAT (and man will switch hands back to standard hold).                   For those in the Basic Technique Class, please see information below from the October-December Classes and previous weeks for this dance course – email me any questions!

Introduced the beginning of….Double Head Loop with Arm Catch to Shoulder Check. Leaders: Open Break UAT with hand change (HSH) – Open Break UAT offering second hand as lady turns to end in 2HH L over R at the end of her turn as Leader keeps hands above the partners’ eye level. Leader does CBL footwork bringing R2RHH over the center of the lady’s head while simultaneously bringing L2LHH over the center of his own head, releasing the 2HH when the hands are at the crown of each partner’s head; Leader lowers his R arm to “hook” (but not confine or restrict) the partner’s L arm temporarily and offering his R hand (which is “hooked”) to the partner; on the second half of the measure (once the lady has taken the Leader’s R hand with her R hand) lead the lady to an inside UAT ending in shadow position with the Lady in front to the Leader’s right (but not side-by-side).                         Followers: Open Break UAT (man will change his hand) – Open Break UAT connecting with man’s L hand to end in a 2HH; Follower dances steps 1-3 of CBL (allowing the Leader to release her R hand once overhead) and accepting the Leader’s offer of his R hand in front of you; on the second half of the measure dance a traveling inside UAT ending in shadow position – Follower will be in front (with her back to) the Leader’s right (but not side-by-side).                            For those in the Basic Technique Class, please see information below from the October-December Classes and previous weeks for this dance course – email me any questions!

Continuation of…Shoulder Check; See last week’s notes through the shoulder check. Leaders: Side Break (L)-Replace-Close leading lady to an UAT by bringing your R hand to the L side of your partnership; back break R-L-Close R ft as follower does UAT (switch hands at the end).                       Followers: R ft fwd break-Replace-Side with a swivel turn to face the man as he preps you for an UAT (ending parallel to the leader); basic UAT.

Walkaround to Head Loops. Leaders: Open Break UAT with hand change (HSH) – Open Break UAT offering second hand as lady turns to end in 2HH L over R at the end of her turn as Leader guides his left hand to the rigiht side of his head inviting the Follower to “walk around” his center while he keeps rhythm in-place, ending front-to-back; side break R while bringing R hand to L shoulder and releasing hold throughout Q-Q-S; repeat to other side side break L while bringing L hand to R shoulder and releasing hold throughout Q-Q-S leaving R hand (palm up) available for ladies to put their R hand in Leader’s R hand; leaders (while rotating R) back break R ft leading lady forward to do an inside (L) traveling turn. End in open position.                     Followers: Open Break UAT (man will change his hand) – Open Break UAT connecting with man’s L hand to end in a 2HH, but NOT closing your feet since he will lead you (through your R hand) to continue to walk forward “around him” for the the 5-6-7/8 ending with the follower facing front to man’s back behind him; side break L while bringing R hand down to R side and catching Leader’s R hand throughout Q-Q-S; repeat to other side side break R throughout Q-Q-S; L forward to do an inside (L) traveling turn. End in open position.

Passing CBL/Passing Twinkles/”360″ –  Leaders: CBL releasing hand connection; back break ending fwd in L turning arc as you lead lady into your L arm ending perpendicular; fwd-fwd/side-close/side leading lady into your R arm ending perpendicular; can be done multiple times and in leader’s choice of direction; to end pattern (as Leader steps back on R break) visual lead for ladies inside UAT – following partner.                                  Followers: CBL 1st measure; fwd-side/fwd-side/close ending in man’s L arm and perpendicular partnership alignment; back break to fwd; repeat fwd-side/fwd-side/close; to end the pattern, leader gives visual lead for inside UAT (travelling).

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BEGINNER SAMBA

Characteristics: Rhythm 1-(delay)-a-2 repeated to 8-count phrase; slight & soft bounce through lower legs (ankles, calves & knees) with gentle lift; emphasized hip in “upward” motion.      Basic (Leaders): Fwd (L) -close-replace, Back (R) -close-replace (Followers – natural opposite); Side Basic (Leaders): Side (L)-close-replace, Side (R) -close-replace (Followers – natural opposite); Box (Leaders): Fwd (L) -side-close, Back-(R) -side-close(Followers – natural opposite); Extended Box (Leaders): Fwd (L) -side-close-side-close-side-close, Back-(R) -side-close-side-close-side-close(Followers – natural opposite); Whisk (Leaders): Side (L) – R ft crosses behind continuing to move sideway but facing partner – Replace (L); Side (R) – L ft crosses behind continuing to move sideway but facing partner – Replace (R) (Followers – natural opposite); Whisk to Ladies UAT (Leaders): 1M of Whisk to L, 2M of Whisk to R leading lady to Open Break, 3M raising L arm leading UAT as leader dances Whisk to L, 4M whisk to R as Lady closes partnership. (Follwers): 1M of Whisk to R, 2M of Whisk to L Open Break, 3M (leader raises arm leading UAT) R ft Side – L ft Fwd beginning UAT – R ft Replace with sharp turning action, 4M whisk to L as Lady closes partnership.

BEGINNER AMERICAN TANGO

Basic – S-S-Q-Q-S timing. Leaders (starting LOD, L ft): Fwd-Fwd-Fwd-Side-“DRAW” (moving the L leg s-l-o-w-l-y to the R leg).           Followers:  Natural Opposite starting with your R ft back.

Corte (curious? Here are 2 definitions: being related to Courtesy. So as a matter of courteous good manners you simply “bow”, step back and show courtesy; to cut, going back and forward like a knife or saw).   S-S-Q-Q-S timing. Leaders (LOD): L ft Back-R ft Replace- L ft Fwd- R ft Side – Slowly “draw” L leg toward R leg (not closing feet).                    Followers: R ft Fwd (heel lead) – L ft Replace – R ft Back – L ft Side – Slow “draw” of R leg toward L leg (not closing feet).

Turning Basic – same footwork for leader and follower as basic, but done in a L circular fashion.

Left Promenade. S-S-Q-Q-S timing; preceded by Turning Basic end facing W. Leaders: Fwd in Promenade position/left shoulder leading down LOD on a diagonal – Fwd (R ft, same frame position)/on count 4 rotating spine/frame to L to face LOD – fwd (LOD) – Side – “DRAW”                       Followers: Fwd in Promenade position/right shoulder leading down LOD on a diagonal – Fwd (L ft, same frame position)/on ct 4 leader will rotate the frame as you are on your L ft: pivot and remain on your L ft – Back- Side – “DRAW.”

Tango Rocks S-S-Q-Q-S-Q-Q-S-Q-Q-S timing; Leaders starting LOD Fwd-Fwd; (Rocks): Fwd (L)-Rock back (R) keeping heel up-Replace Fwd (L); Fwd (R)-Rock back (L) keeping heel up- Replace Fwd (R); Fwd (L)-Side-Draw (standard basic ending).                      Followers: Natural opposite.

(Tango) Open Fan to UnderArm Turn (UAT) S-S-Q-Q-S; S-S-Q-Q-S timing; Leaders starting W Fwd Promenade-Fwd Promenade-Replace (back) Promenade- Side (facing W with Follower to your Left in 1 HH); With weight on R ft (as you just ended) turn body leftward toward woman as you raise your hand up to indicate an UAT dancing a curving basic as the Follower goes under your arm and you end parallel ALOD; easily followed by another curving basic in standard dance hold to face LOD.                     Followers: Fwd Promenade-Fwd Promenade with L pivot turn on L ft- Back on R ft- Side on L; leader will raise connected arm as you dance a forward curving basic starting with your R ft ending facing man as you take a L side draw.

Right Promenade (S-S-Q-Q-S) timing; Leaders starting W fwd Promenade – fwd Promenade on Follower’s “line” with R pivot to face lady; remaining on “Follower’s line” throughout the rest of the pattern, step back L ft leading lady to do a R pivot ending in closed position; small R side step, “draw” L ft to R (as in basic step) ending DC.                               Followers Promenade – Fwd promenade – Fwd R ft with pivot turn staying in closed position to leader – side L – draw R ft to L (as in basic step) ending ADC.

INERMEDIATE AMERICAN TANGO

Reverse Turn Q-Q-S-Q-Q-S (8 cts); Leaders starting DC – Fwd (turning leftward)-Side-Back (Outisde Partner – like Promenade position  – Contra Body Movement) ALOD – Back (turning leftward)-Side (turning leftward) end W-Close R to L with weight change.                          Followers: Natural Opposite (Back-Side-Fwd-Fwd-Side-Close).

Open Fan (first 8 cts of Open Fan to UnderArm Turn (UAT) – now in “side-by-side” position facing W, Leader steps fwd L ft and “fans” (swivels) L to face partner (still remaining on L ft)-Promenade step L on R ft rotating chest to L leading lady to a L pivot (only a 1HH connection) – fwd L – side R – draw L ft to R ft (end facing C).                          Followers: now in “side-by-side” position facing W, step fwd R ft and “fans” (swivels) R to face partner (still remaining on R ft)-Promenade step R on L ft rotating to a L pivot (only a 1HH connection) – back R – side L – draw R ft to L ft (end facing AC)

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BEGINNER WALTZ LEVEL I: 3/4 timing throughout; 6 cts = one basic step pattern; a smooth dance with traveling steps moving L.O.D. with Rise “& Fall” action and strong side sway action; Leaders begin with L ft, Followers with R ft. Fwd steps with heel lead on counts 1 and/or 4; Back steps with toe; side steps with toe/ball of foot. Heel-toe, toe, toe-heel on fwd actions; toe, toe, toe-heel on back actions.

Box – Leaders: L ft fwd ct 1; R ft side ct 2; L ft closes to R ft ct 3. R ft back ct 4; L ft side ct 5; R ft closes to L ft ct 6.                  Followers: Natural opposite.

Basic (Fwd) – Leaders: L ft fwd ct 1; R ft side ct 2; L ft closes to R ft ct 3. R ft fwd ct 4; L ft side ct 5; R ft closes to L ft ct 6.                 Followers: Natural opposite.

Box with Ladies’ U.A.T. – Leaders: L ft fwd ct 1; R ft side ct 2; L ft closes to R ft ct 3. R ft back ct 4 begin to raise L arm straight up (just enough for the lady to walk under), while simultaneously releasing her back with your right arm (the  follower begins her turn on the next step, but it’s important that you lead her on the 4th step); L ft side ct 5; R ft closes to L  ft ct 6; repeat box step pattern until lady comes back around into your arms (do not reach for her).                      Followers: Steps 1 – 3 of the box; L ft fwd as man slowly raises your right arm up (to indicate your next step); beginning with ct 5 dance fwd in a circular fashion, ct 6 – 9 fwd steps (follow Rise & Fall technique listed above); finish the step meeting up with the man on by ct. 12 (as he’s finishing the last half of the box).

Hesitation – Leaders: Forward/Back Hesitations: L ft fwd s-l-o-w-l-y for cts 1 through 3; R ft back s-l-o-w-l-y for cts 4 through 6.            Followers: Natural opposite.         Side Hesitations: Leaders: L ft slide s-l-o-w-l-y for cts 1 through 3;  R ft side s-l-o-w-l-y for cts 4 through 6.                           Followers: Natural opposite.

Left Turning Box – Leaders: (starting LOD): Fwd (then start leading turn to the left)-Side-Close (full quarter turn – now facing Center); Back (then start leading turn to the left)-Side-Close (full quarter turn – now facing ALOD); Fwd (then
start leading turn to the left
)-Side-Close (full quarter turn – now facing Wall); Back (then start leading turn to the left)-Side-Close (full quarter turn – now facing LOD)             Followers: (starting ALOD): Natural Opposite: Back-Side-Close (turning left upon man’s lead); Fwd-Side-Close (turning left); Back-Side-Close (turning left); Fwd-Side-Close (turning left).

Progressive Twinkle – Leaders: Easiest to commence after a box: Fwd L (beginning to turn 1/8 to L), Side R, Close L to R with Lady “outside partner” on right side (end DC); Fwd R beginning to turn 1/4 to R, Side L, Close R to L with Lady “outside partner” on leader’s left side (end DW); Fwd L beginning to turn 1/4 to L, Side R, Close L to R with Lady “outside partner” on leader’s right side (end DC) – repeat turning R & L measures as desired ending facing DW…to complete the variation ending for this step: Back R (“2nd half of the box”) beginning to turn 1/8 to L (facing C); continuing turning box L until desired alignment (LOD – for this introductory class; W – for the class pattern).               Followers: Back R (Leader will begin to turn partnership 1/8 to L), Side L, Close R to L (positioned “outside partner” ending on the man’s right side (end ADC); Back L (leader will turn 1/4 to R), Side R, Close L to R (positioned “outside partner” ending on the man’s left side (end ADW); leader’s choice to repeat “progressive twinkle” measures as desired ending facing ADC…to complete the step the man will lead you fwd L – side – close (2nd half of box) as he continues to dance a turning L box to desired alignment.

WALTZ LEVEL II: 3/4 timing throughout; 6 cts = one basic step pattern; a smooth dance with traveling steps moving L.O.D. with Rise “& Fall” action and strong side sway action; Leaders begin with L ft, Followers with R ft. Fwd steps with heel lead on counts 1 and/or 4; Back steps with toe; side steps with toe/ball of foot. Heel-toe, toe, toe-heel on fwd actions; toe, toe, toe-heel on back actions.

Left & Right Turn Combinationnew pattern, but did not complete instruction – Leaders: (6M start DC):  Fwd L 3/8 turn ending Against Line of Dance (ALOD); Back 3/8 L turn ending DW; 1/2 Fwd Basic no turn through 10/06/11); with R ft  Fwd R turn 3/8 ending ALOD); Back R 3/8 turn ending DC; w/R ft. 1/2 Fwd Basic ending LOD (current class alignment).                            Followers: Natural opposite.

Develope: Leaders – There is nothing to “lead;” this is a “Lady’s Option” embellishment typically done on the Fwd or Promenade Hesitation steps.                       Followers –  When lead into a Back Hesitation (making sure that the area in front of you/behind the man is “clear”), take your step on ct. 1, slowly lift your L ft up alongside your R ankle to calf with toe pointed down and the instep of your L ft. rest on the inside of your R knee on ct. 2, completing your step by extending your L (lower) leg (from the knee down) into a fully extended leg line on ct. 3; gently lower at the end of 3 to begin the next step!

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BEGINNER WEST COAST SWING LEVEL I: (Basic Rhythm: 1 – 2 -3&4 – 5&6) Reminder: Smooth, sliding foot patterns (no bouncing), partners should keep gentle connection through relaxed arms and soft hand holds (no gripping).

Left Side Pass – Leaders: starting w/L ft: back – R ft back (commence turning to L rotating shoulders to allow lady to pass in front) – (slightly off-the-ladies’-track) L ft back-R ft close-L ft fwd back on track – (now 180 degrees opposite start position – begin “anchor step”) R ft back-L ft replace-R ft back. Don’t forget to SMILE!                             Followers: starting w/R ft fwd – L ft fwd (commence turning to L rotating shoulders to stay parallel to man’s chest) – (stay on-slot) R ft fwd-L ft slides past R in front “crossing”-R ft back – (now 180 degrees opposite start position – begin “anchor step”) Lft back-R ft replace-L ft back. Don’t forget to SMILE!

Under Arm Turn (“U.A.T.”) Leaders: starting w/L ft: back – R ft back (commence turning to R rotating shoulders to allow lady to pass in front; begin to gentle bring L hand up to indicate an UAT positioning L hand to R side and L elbow up to same level as L hand creating the “top half” of a “window’) – (stepping slightly off-the-ladies’-slot) L ft back-R ft close-L ft fwd – (now 180 degrees opposite start position – begin “anchor step”) R ft BEHIND-L ft replace-R ft REPLACE. Homework: practice walking back on first two steps!               Followers:  Your footwork same as Left Side Pass (see above). Homework: practice smooth style glide without bounce or dipping.

Simple Starter Step (start in closed position, end in ever-so-slightly-apart semi-close position [not “closed” but “close”]) Leaders:(Basic Rhythm) – L ft side – R ft side – Triple to L (side-together-side) – Anchor Step (3rd position w/starting foot behind standing foot) keeping dance partnership hold and releasing ever-so-gently on the last step of the Anchor triple…then Leaders step back to invite the Follower to step forward (do not pull your partner)!             Followers: Natural opposite…allowing man to release your back on the last step of the Anchor triple.

“Sugar Push” or “Push Back” Leaders: starting w/L ft: back – R ft back (slightly smaller to allow follower to come closer toward you as you stay on the track), L ft tight and back behind the R ft- R ft replace weight -L ft fwd (as Follower moves away)- Anchor Step (without moving forwrd any farther: R ft behind -L ft replace-R ft behind). Homework: practice relaxing the arms and allowing gravity to keep them low)!                       Followers: starting w/R ft: fwd- L ft fwd (moving in closer to leader with a relaxed arm) – R ft “presses” slightly fwd-L ft replace-R ft steps back (back to start position – begin “anchor step”) L ft behind-R ft replace-L ft replace.

Basket Whip – 8 ct step (1-2-3-&-4-5-6-7-&-8) Leaders – starting with a 2-Hand Hold (from sugar push) Leading lady fwd dance L ft straight back (1) – turning to R, R ft back (off-track) (2)  with L arm beginning a head loop over passing lady’s head- close (3) – in place (&) – L ft to side “across track” (4) –  R ft closes (5) Releasing Lady with your R hand – L ft steps “back on track” (6) (now 180 degrees opposite start position & facing lady – begin “anchor step”) R ft back (7) – L ft replace (&) – R ft back/in place (8).                                      Followers (2HH):  R ft fwd (1) – L ft fwd (2) – R ft fwd (3) – L ft closes to R ft (&) – R ft back – VERY carefully/don’t drop heel immediately (4) – L ft back (5) – R ft back (6) – “Anchor Step” (7-&-8)

Intermediate WEST COAST SWING: Hip-moving Starter Step 1&2,3&4; Opposition to Tuck Turn 1-2-3&4-5&6 anchor (man) L ft side (weight change w/HIP ONLY)-replace leading lady to face you in “tuck” – 4-lead to UAT (follow her to face on track)-anchor step; (lady) R ft side (weight change w/HIP ONLY) – replace facing parallel to man – sharp UAT on to track-anchor step. <insert your choice of passing step to place man’s hand under the ladies’ hand> Whip w/Inside UAT to Free Spin 1-2-3&4-5-6-7&8 (Man) dance whip through ct 4, lead lady to inside/L UAT 5-6, continue to lead lady in L-ward turn as a free/solo spin (let go of hand) while leader does solo R-ward spin on-spot as anchor; (Lady) dance whip through ct 4, inside/L 2-ct UAT 5-6, continue turning L-ward either as a free spin or 7&8 individual steps on-spot.

Starter Step Embellish: on second “triple” in place, soften knees more then straighten (lady’s L/man’s R) leg with a hip “pop”) – continue to Tuck Turn. Inside UAT to Fwd Lock (Man): Lead lady through steps 1, 2, 3-&-4 of Basic UAT; on step 4 sharply drop the connected hand to over turn the lady to her L as you turn to your right (outside foot is available); fwd “lock” step sharply turning to face each other at end (this is a variation of the “anchor step”). Lady’s dance steps 1, 2,3-&-4 of Basic UAT on step 4 man will sharply turn you to the L (spiral), then lead you fwd to a fwd “lock” step (L ft), then sharply turning out to face each other.

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